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  Volume 2: Apparent links

 

to the Egyptian stone pyramids

 
 

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Table 2 - 1 : Slopes of Old Kingdom tomb passages
Those within 2/3 degrees of a prime diagonal or edge parallel repetition angle are in red boldface and have mauve boxes in the last two columns.

Pyramid

Passage

Source

Badawy 1

Edwards 3

Other ref. 4 a - d

Decimal degrees

D to prime slope /edge

Meydum

280

280

 

28.00000

+ 1.43490

Dashur S (Bent Pyr.) Passage to North

"originally"
260 10’

280 22’ then 260 20’

26.16670

- 0.39840

Dashur S -- to West

260 36’

300 09’ then 240 17’

26.60000

+ 0.03490

Dashur N (Red Pyr.) a

270 36’

270 56’

270

27.60000

+ 1.03490

Trial shafts at Khufub

  

270

27.00000

+ 0.43490

Khufu lower passage c

260 31’ 23"

26031’23"

26034’23"

26.52310

- 0.04200

Khufu Grand Gallery

260 02’ 30"

26002’ 30"

 

26.04170

- 0.52340

Djedefre
(trench to shaft)c

 

220 35’

220 35’

22.58330

+ 0.78190

Khafre (lower passage)

210 40’

210 40’

 

21.66670

- 0.13470

Khafre (upper passage)

250 55’

250 55’

 

25.91670

- 0.64840

Menkaure final passage c

260 02’

 

260 02’

26.03330

- 0.53180

Mastaba el Fara’un c

(not a pyramid)

230 30’

23.50000

+ 1.69860

Userkaf

260 35’

  

26.58330

+ 0.01820

Sahure

270

270

 

27.00000

+ 0.43490

Neferirkare

260 03’

  

26.05000

- 0.51510

Queen Neit of Pepi II

260

  

26.00000

- 0.56510

Queen Ipuit of Pepi II

230

  

23.00000

+1.19860

Queen Udjebten of P II

180 30’

  

18.50000

+ 0.06510

Standard rise of satellite pyramids from Sahure onc

63026’6"

63.43490

-.930 /+.480

Sources:

1 Alexander Badawy: "A History of Egyptian Architecture", Vol. 1: "From the Earliest Times to the End of the Old Kingdom", Histories & Mysteries of Man, Ltd., London, 1990: see page 155 for summary of angles, page 151 for Queens of Pepi II, pages 137and 138 for Khufu ascending corridor and air shafts.  For consistency, I changed Badawy's Greek king names to the Egyptian ones: Cheops = Khufu; Chephren = Khafre; Mycerinos = Menkaure

I.E.S. Edwards: "The Pyramids of Egypt", first published 1947, edition consulted Penguin Books, London, 1993, pages 74; 90; 81; 100 to 106, 134 and 135; 168.

4  a: George B. Johnson: "The Red Pyramid of Sneferu: Inside and Out", KMT, Fall 1997, page 21.

4 b: Zahi A. Hawass: "The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt", The Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, 1990, angle computed from "72.2 feet long, vertical depth 32.8 feet" on page 24; Flinders Petrie had reported 260 32" in "The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh", London, 1883, Section 30, as posted at http://www.ronaldbirdsall.com/gizeh/petrie/c6.html

4 c: Mark Lehner: "The Complete Pyramids", Thames and Hudson, London, 1997:
Khufu descending passage page 112; Djedefre page 121; Menkaure page 135; Mastabat el-Fara’un page 139; Khufu "Queen’s airshaft" page 67 right; satellite pyramid angles pages 172 and 173;

4 d: George Hart: "Pharaohs and Pyramids", The Herbert Press, London, 1991, page 93.


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